1. Maoist movement: Pg3
Relevance: Naxalism has been rightly declared as the biggest threat to the internal security of the nation recently by the PM. Fortunately I attended yesterday’s seminar organized at the Teenmurti Bhawan headed by Mr. Prakash Singh( retd IPS and ex-chief BSF). I’m summarizing some of the key points discussed:
–> Indian state twice in the past had shot down the movement since its inception in 1960s, first by arresting the prominent leaders like Charu Mazumdar in late 60s and later by the armed action conducted by Greyhound forces in 1980s. This is its third avatar. They have been able to reorganize themselves primarily because the basic reasons for the movement’s genesis like mass poverty, absence of good governance, corruption etc are not addressed by the govt.
–> There is also a lack of policy coordination between the centre and states, between states and states , within centre between the PMO and the Home Ministry etc. We have to understand it’s now a national problem and thus centre has to step up and formulate a uniform policy which would then be implemented by the states affected by this menace. (9 states and 78 districts are officially considered naxal hit)
–> Also we have to understand apart from all the development works, what people actually want is the Justice. This socio economic justice can be achieved only if we include issues like Land reforms, proper guidelines for the land acquisition by corporates, implementation of FRA 2006, PESA 1996 etc in true letter and spirit.
–> Does Maoism has any future in India? The panel especially Prakash Singh didn’t see it. He avowed that for any movement to sustain, it should draw its ideology from the soil. The problem with Maoists is that they failed to Indianized their philosophy which resulted into their detachment from the masses. Today they are anti development, anti democratic and in fact 80-90% of the people killed in the Red corridor are the very people whose cause they claim to champion.
2. Include right to reject:
Clue: Know about the proposed election reforms in India like negative voting, right to reject, partial state funding, strict provisions under the Representation of people Act to debar criminal elements, limiting the election expenditure etc.Search Dinesh Goswami committee and Indrajit Gupta committee recommendations for details.
3. Grounding the disable: Pg10
Relevance: According to a report by WHO about 15% of world population is disabled out of which 42% of total disabled are in India. We must realize that having Fundamental Right of Equality alone can’t ensure distributive justice, it’s essentially the principle of equity which will make the difference.
Clue: Know about the National policy for persons with disabilities 2005, Persons with disabilities act 1995, national institutes like Institute for physically handicapped New Delhi, National institute of visually handicapped Dehradun, National Institute of mentally handicapped, Secundarabad, National Handicapped Financial and development corporation, ALIMCO, Deen dayal rehabilitation scheme, Rehabilitation Council of India, UN Convention on Rights of persons with disabilities 2007, proposed Right of person with disability bill 2011 etc. Refer India Year Book for the details.
4. A test of India’s: Pg11
Relevance: Indian approach to the Syrian crisis.
An informative debate is going on, keep following it to know more over the issue.This should help people preparing for the interview.
5. Argentina seeks: Pg5
Relevance: It’s an old unresolved issue between the Argentina and England. Look for the islands in Atlantic ocean, Stanley, Falkland war 1982, Cristina Fernandez etc.
6. Use of enriched uranium: Pg9
Clue: What do you mean by LEU and HEU? Why FMCT was proposed and why it was opposed by the India?
Also mark the sites of nuclear reactors in India. What are VVER reactors, know about different form of reactors BWR, PHWR, LWR etc. Source could be any coaching notes or net.
7. Other potential 2 markers and tidbits: Akash tablet (Frontpage), Avalanches (Pg7, How they differ from Earthflow, mudflow, creep,solifluction, slump and a slide), Virtual Labs and NMEICT(Pg7), Deepak Parekh(Pg14).
I found only these items to be useful in Friday’s paper. If you could spot some thing more which is relevant to CSE please feel free to post in comments section.