1. 1,18,474 too many: Pg10
Relevance: The continuance of this inhuman practice of Manual Scavenging even after 60yrs of independence is a matter of national shame.
Clue: Know about the various initiatives being taken by the GOI in curbing this practice like Employment of Manual Scavengers and construction of dry laterines( prohibition) act 1993, National scheme for liberation and rehabilitation of scavengers, Art 42,38 and other DPSPs etc.
Other major hurdles are the continuance of “Open discharge system” of Railways, lack of alternate livelihood opportunities available, lack of holistic urban planning, non implementation of laws ( till 2006 not a single prosecution was done under the 1993 Act), lack of initiatives by states( since sanitation is a state subject) etc.
Safai Karamchari Andolan is the single largest movement launched under the leadership of Bezwada Wilson with the aim of total eradication of manual scavenging, know more about its activities and achievements. But one thing is sure, if we really want to get rid of this inhuman practice and ensure a life of dignity for all, we need to generate the alternate livelihood opportunities through NRLM, MNREGA etc. and focus on their effective implementation, let alone the proposed amendments in the 1993 act.
2. Not an ordinary first: Pg11
Relevance: A nice sum up of the contemporary labor issues by none other than the ILO chief himself Juan Somavia.
Clue: Also read Ch 21 Labor from IYB to know about the legislations and regulatory framework for the labour sector in India like Factories act 1948, Industrial Disputes act 1947, Minimum wages act 1948 etc. Another issue which is of prime concern is decreasing work participation rate of women labors. Following is the link to the PM’s inaugural speech of Indian Labour Conference held in Delhi recently which covers the major issues concerning the working classes in India.
How is the incident known as ‘Haymarket Massacre'(125 years) anything to do with the May Day?
3. Sign nuclear: Pg12
Relevance: India Japan nuclear cooperation.
4. Switzerland agrees: Pg12
Relevance: whole black money issue.
Clue: Know about the five pronged strategy adopted by GOI in tackling Black money and the recent steps taken in that direction.
5. India reaches: Pg20
Relevance: India Seychelles relations. Some of the major reflections of the President’s visit are:
–>$ 50 million line of credit
–>offer to set up a mono rail project and a solar cluster
–>an under sea optical fibre network
–>scholarships for Seychellois students
–>a coastal surveillance radar system to be delpoyed
Most importantly our efforts to build a healthy relationship with countries like Seychelles must be seen as the part of our broader policy of creating a strategic leverage in Africa vis a vis China and other major powers.
6. E-waste management: Pg20
Relevance: A landmark legislation in context of e waste management. The key points of 2011 rules are:
–>Concept of Extended Producer Responsibility(EPR)wherein the producer of electrical and electronics equipments are made responsible for managing e waste generated after the consumer discards them
–>Specifying threshold for the use of hazardous substance
Clue: Prepare your general literature on e waste like definition of e waste, compounds like poly chlorinated biphenyl( PCB), PVC etc, traditional methods of dealing with e waste like Acid bath, Land filling, burning etc, steps taken like e waste( management and handling) rules 2011, ROHS, WEEE by EU, e parisara project, Environment Protection Act 2006, Basel Convention etc.
7. Other potential 2 markers and tidbits: Geeta Chandran(Pg2), RK Sinha and his contributions for AHWR(Pg9), G Vahanvati and Art76, CEDAW,CERD(Pg9), Washington Consensus(Pg11), Contributions of YB Chavan(centenary year), Prati Sarkar(Pg16).
I found only these items useful in Tuesday’s paper. If you could spot some thing more which is relevant to CSE please feel free to post in comments section.